Thursday, April 27, 2017

Afghanistan has many problems but the major two are exceptional, Internal and foreign interference

Many believe the Taliban to be a spent force and they argue that the Taliban are not united as they were, prior to the exposing of the death of Mullah Omar. It is true there have been rivalries and infighting within the Taliban leadership. The Taliban are after all a tribal people their movement is shaped by the tribal mind-set. Regardless of the rivalries and infighting, the Taliban are still represent one body. Afghanistan's neighbours support their own brand of Taliban and foreign support has been causing competition within their factions as they compete for resources.

Afghanistan has been an unstable state for a considerable period of time and has little experience of centralised government, the Monarchy previously ruling Afghanistan under the Jirga system

Afghanistan's problems, to some extent, are not created by the Afghanis themselves but are the result of long term foreign, outside interference by the superpowers and its neighbours. As a war-torn country, Afghanistan has many problems but the major two are exceptional,

Internal ethnic/tribal mistrust and foreign interference;

1) Internal problems

The constitution although recognising Afghanistan as a multi-ethnic state fails to address the critical demand for power sharing and this has caused low level fighting between ethnic groups for control of power in Kabul. There is a level of trust deficit between ethnic groups along with a mistrust between tribes within a given ethnic group for variety of reasons.

The Afghani Internal problems’ could be greatly alleviated by dialogue, constitutional reform and power sharing.  Although there exists environment of mistrust in Afghanistan, the Afghan ethnic groups do not hate each other.

2- Outside interference is the problem the Afghans alone cannot resolve and needs The United Nations and western powers help to solve.

Pakistan,

 Pakistan is the worldwide Capital of Jihadism and is so far the only country benefiting from extremism and the war against it. The Pakistanis have promoted, trained and housed Jihadi groups as well as individuals.  Anti-Afghan forces within Pakistan have long claimed the right to meddle with Afghan sovereign and is determined to control Afghanistan through Taliban. The United States has the power to this direct interference by in Afghanistan.


 Iran


Although the Iranians have supported the Taliban for many reasons, their overriding priority is to hurt the and divert attention from the USA.

Following the 1979 Iranian Islamic revolution, The Supreme Leader established two international Islamic organisations to spread Islamic revolution in the world. One a Shiite and the other, a Sunni.

Ahel-e-Beait supports Shiite terrorism worldwide.

And Etihad-e-Muslimeen an organisation support Sunni terrorists worldwide.

Both working directly under the supreme leader Ali Khamenei and both organisations managed by Al-Quads.

Numbers of well-known top Sunni scholars, both Pakistani and Afghan are the members of Etihad-e-Muslimeen with Iran supporting the Taliban through these organisations including directly recruiting Afghans to spread terror in Afghan and Middle East.


From the Iranians point of view it makes sense for them to support the Taliban. Iranians hate the Sunni Taliban whilst they and the Jihadi groups hate the American and their enlighten values. Iran has been supporting Al-Qaida not for the love of their ideology but for the hatred Al-Qaida shares with them against America.

Western policy makers have incorrectly developed ideas that Shiite Iran does not support Sunni Taliban because of their level hate toward each other as well as ideological differences.




Iranian support of the Taliban is tactical prolonging the war in Afghanistan engaging the American administration both there, in Syria and other places to buy much needed time for their nuclear bomb. The Iranian believe they can achieve actual nuclear weapon capability or at worst a credible threat of it thereby becoming masters of the Middle East.

Russian 


Russian supports its own brand of Taliban. Not all Taliban fight for their ideology and have evolved as mercenaries’ with guns for hire.
Afghanistan has been fertile ground for the hire men and guns, the Russians and Iranians knowing it better than anyone else.

Russian support will increase Taliban operational capabilities with both Russian and Iran having a common goal in the Middle East. Afghanistan is one place they can fight the American and win.

Afghanistan's problems to some extent, are not created internally but are the result of long term foreign interference by superpowers and its neighbours.

No matter how much money and troops one pours in into Afghanistan, change will not come as long as Afghanistan’s neighbours are free to finance, train, house and motivate the Taliban to fight and kill Afghan.



Mehrab, Sarjov a Baluch activist based in London. A leading expert in Baluchistan and the Middle East.

Wednesday, March 29, 2017

Balochistan and March 27


The present situation in Balochistan is critical in the political context which is naturally overshadowed by an armed conflict that has ebbed and flowed in different periods but never seen a complete victory of either side. This situation has now become critical as both sides struggle hard for political and military gains. The Baloch armed might is naturally no match in a head on battle for the organized and well oiled machinery that Pakistani army is but the very fact that they have not only survived but continue to inflict losses speaks volumes for the Baloch peoples’ ability and determination for achieving their political goals.
Words are craftily used to obscure issues and mislead people. People unnecessarily killed are palmed off as ‘collateral damage’ and death squads are conveniently termed as ‘patriotic elements’ by Pakistani generals in 2011. Here is the link:
https://www.dawn.com/news/645978/army-condemnskilling-of-missing-persons-in-balochistan-general
To understand the present and to face the future we need to delve into the past. Balochistan takes name from Baloch and they complement each other. Baloch national identity is millenniums old and with passage of time it has been reinforced by Baloch resistance to foreign aggression be they the Persians, Afghans, British or Pakistanis. It has now crystallized into its most potent and all encompassing form thanks to their resistance to Pakistani oppression.
Most people know Balochistan as simply 44 per cent land mass of Pakistan but what many people do not know is that it wasn’t by choice; it wanted coexistence but was forced into merger. Balochistan is considered ‘terra nullius’ a land without people which it isn’t. There are people too there; people whose lives have been destroyed by injustices since March 27th 1948.
To understand why Baloch people resisted Pakistan’s attempts to subdue them we will have look at Balochistan’s past. Nations are defined by the cultures and all have their own qualities. Culture is what we are; it is a reflection of our actions because culture isn’t something external; it doesn’t exist independently of us. What we stand for, what we oppose and resist, what we believe in and how we conduct ourselves in our daily lives represent not only us but our culture as well. We cannot be judged apart from our culture and neither can our culture be judged apart from us. What we do and how we live represents our culture. We represent our culture with our actions and not with our words and empty platitudes. To be a Baloch you have to live by the values that make you a Baloch; Baloch culture is what a Baloch does.
The Baloch history of resisting aggressors forms the crux of its culture and they are brought up in an ethos that equates freedom with dignity. Children are taught to be stoic and independent because the hard life in the mountains and deserts has no place for dependents. Baloch pride in their stoic approach to life and I have seen Baloch bury their killed relatives without a trace of emotion on their faces. The Baloch way of life makes him independent as he has to battle to survive against the odds of an unforgiving terrain and basic economic conditions.
Various influential tribes which wielded authority were spread over Balochistan and around mid 1600 a Baloch Confederacy took shape under the Khan’s of Kalat. This Baloch confederation prospered and strengthened under Naseer Khan Noori (1749-1794).
The British eyed Balochistan for use as stepping stone to Afghanistan so the British army returning from the first Anglo-Afghan war attacked Kalat on November 13th 1839 where Mehrab Khan ruled on excuse that Baloch tribes harassed their forces, he resisted bravely and was martyred; November 13th is observed as ‘Martyrs Day’ in Balochistan.
The Baloch resistance was unorganized and sporadic but persistent. In May and August 1840 British detachments were wiped out by the Marris in Battles of Sartaaf and Nafusk respectively. Again in 1859 and 1862 the Marris fought decisive battles at Mawand and defeated the joint forces of Mir Khudadad Khan of Kalat and British. Towards end of WWI the British anxious for expendable cannon fodder asked Baloch tribes for recruits but the Marris refused and that resulted in Battles of Gumbaz in 1917 and Harab in 1918; Marris suffered heavy casualties as they faced machineguns with flintlocks and swords and had tied the ends of their shirts so avoid retreat. The Baloch not only militarily resisted the British but were politically active as well. RAW and Mossad didn’t exist then.
The Treaties of 1841, 1854 and 1876 and the subsequent alterations and the over-riding interests of Britain notwithstanding all accepted Khanate’s independent status and continued till in 1947.  Detailing all that happened till 1947 would take time so we fast forward and only mention that Jinnah as a lawyer represented Ahmad Yar Khan’s efforts for independence at legal forums. On 4th August 1947, “The Standstill Agreement” between Pakistan, the British and Balochistan was signed and the sovereign status of Balochistan was accepted. The Khan declared Kalat independent on 11th August 1947.
A written constitution was promulgated and the Darul Umra and Darul Awam declared Balochi as the national language. Assembly sessions were held in September and December 1947 and favouring alliance rejected accession to Pakistan. On December 14th 1947 Darul Awaam passed a Resolution reaffirming its intention to remain independent and to not to accede under any circumstances. Ghaus Baksh Bizenjo made a landmark speech there which is still considered as a valid argument for independence of Balochistan.
He said, “We have a distinct civilization and a separate culture like that of Iran and Afghanistan. We are Muslims but it is not necessary that by virtue of being Muslims we should lose our freedom and merge with others. If the mere fact that we are Muslims requires us to join Pakistan then Afghanistan and Iran, both Muslim countries, should also amalgamate with Pakistan.
We were never a part of India before the British rule. Pakistan’s unpleasant and loathsome desire that our national homeland, Balochistan should merge with it is impossible to consider. We are ready to have friendship with that country on the basis of sovereign equality but by no means ready to merge with Pakistan. We can survive without Pakistan. But the question is what Pakistan would be without us?
I do not propose to create hurdles for the newly created Pakistan in the matters of defense and external communication. But we want an honorable relationship not a humiliating one. If Pakistan wants to treat us as a sovereign people, we are ready to extend the hand of friendship and cooperation. If Pakistan does not agree to do so, flying in the face of democratic principles, such an attitude will be totally unacceptable to us, and if we are forced to accept this fate then every Baloch son will sacrifice his life in defense of his national freedom.”
I always have wished that Bizenjo Sahib had stood by what he said then.  Edward G. Browne in the Vol 1 (page 169) of his ‘A Literary History of Persia’ tells about an incident about the great Arab poet al-Mutanabbi` (905 A.D.-965 A.D.) who “is generally regarded by all Arabic- speaking people as the greatest poet of their race. He died for a verse he had written. Once when he was attacked near Kufa by Arabs of the tribe of Asad and worsted in the combat, he was preparing to take flight when his slave cried to him: Let it never be said that you fled from combat, you who are the author of this verse:-
‘I am known to the horse-troop, the night and the desert expanse
Not more to the paper and pen than the sword and the lance!”
So al-Mutanabbi turned to combat and met his death like a true son of desert.”
Had Bizenjo Sahib been steadfast he could have secured right that Baloch have been demanding but he preferred to compromise.
Convinced that the Khan would not accede Pakistan on March 18th signed separate instruments of Accession with Kalat’s feudatories states of Lasbela and Kharan and Makran. On 26th March 1948 Pakistan army moved into Pasni, Jiwani, and Turbat. Khan capitulated on March 27th and signed instrument of accession. Resentment at annexation led to armed resistance; on May 16th Prince Abdul Karim, Khan’s younger brother decided to lead the national liberation struggle and migrated to Afghanistan but was refused help. Abdul Karim naively believing promises returned with followers but were ambushed and captured near Harboi Mountain and sentenced to varying terms in prison.
In October 1957 Ahmad Yar Khan convened a meeting of 35 Baloch Sardars at Palace Hotel Karachi and demanded end of ONE UNIT and formation of new province of Balochistan. Such demands perturbed the establishment and the October 1958 Martial Law was imposed on plea that Khan wanted to secede with Afghan and Iranian support. Kalat was once again attacked and Khan arrested.
The Baloch people resented this injustice and Nawab Nauroz Khan went to mountains demanding Khan’s release and One Unit’s dissolution. He had some 700-1000 men under his command and had a series of clashes with the army. In April 1959 a platoon of Pishin Scouts was wiped out and later a convoy was attacked some 30 miles South of Quetta. Unable to subdue him they resorted to treachery; Doda Khan his nephew brought Quran with assurances that his demands would be met and amnesty granted. Instead Nawab and his 163 men were arrested and 7 persons including his two sons were hanged at Hyderabad and Sukkur Jails on 15th of July 1960; they were the first martyrs of Baloch national struggle.
In 1962 exiled Mir Sher Mohammad Marri jumped bail in Sindh and went to Balochistan to organize armed resistance in the Marri and Bolan area; while Ali Mohammad Mengal did the same in Mengal area. It was Sher Mohammad Marri who kept the flame of resistance burning by defying Pakistan’s attempts to bring Marris under heel.
After 1970 elections and independence of Bangla Desh who were pushed to that extreme in May 1972 Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto reluctantly made Ataullah Mengal the Chief Minister; he did not want the Baloch Nationalists ruling in Balochistan. On February 10, Pakistani authorities with media in tow raided the military attaché residence and found a huge cache of arms. On February 12, Mengal’s government was unjustly and illegally dismissed although it had 13/7 majority; the NWFP government resigned in protest. The dismissal of Mengal government and increasingly strict blockade of Marri area culminated in the Tandoori incident, (near Marri area), on May 18, 1973 when eight Sibi Scouts were killed in an ambush. Three days later army ferried by helicopters landed in Mawand and General Tikka Khan promised to quell the rebellion within 72 hours. Those 72 hours have stretched way beyond their estimates.
The army conducted operations all over Balochistan but concentrated more on the Marri area where most of actions against it occurred. Iran helped with helicopter gunships, materials and money to stamp out resistance which it feared would spillover. The military operations forced many Baloch mainly Marris to migrate to Afghanistan. Disappearances were rife then too; among them were Asadullah Mengal son of Ataullah and his friend Ahmad Shah who were abducted on 6th February 1975.  Duleep Dass son of Air Commodore (ret) Balwant Dass along with Sher Ali Marri was picked up by army intelligence at Belpat in early 1975 and their fate remains unknown. There were many many more.
During this four year conflict both Baloch and army suffered heavy casualties. After Bhutto was ousted Zia released the Baloch leaders but last of all expecting concessions yet got none. He also announced general amnesty while all others Baloch in exile in Kabul returned but Marris who had suffered most and didn’t trust Pakistan decided to stay on in Afghanistan. They returned after fall of Najibullah Government in 1992.
With Musharraf’s arrival in 1999 the attitude towards Baloch became overtly hostile. In year 2000 Khair Bakhsh was arrested on trumped up charges of murder of Justice Mohammad Nawaz of BHC. Musharraf threatened the Baloch nationalists that this was not seventies they wouldn’t know what hit them. Musharraf’s Mega-schemes of Gwadar and other projects created more misgivings as the Baloch felt that all this was being done to engineer demographic changes which would eventually leave them out on a limb.
Nawab Akbar Bugti despite old age and medical conditions continued to resist and on 26th August 2006 he was martyred in Marri area. The ‘dirty war’ in Balochistan intensified with arrival of PPP’s government in 2008. This ‘dirty war’ with no holds barred is similar to those conducted in Argentina and Chile. In October 2013 during the SC bench hearing the attorney general disclosed that Rs 400 million from Intelligence Bureau’s (IB’s) secret fund had been used for counter-insurgency in Balochistan during 2008-09. If IB alone spent 400 million imagine what others must have spent can be imagined.
This systematic ‘dirty war’ has taken a heavy toll of Baloch lives; Mama Abdul Qadeer the Vice Chairman of Voice of Baloch Missing persons who with some lady relatives of missing persons and three young boys marched some 3000 kms in 106 days from Quetta to Islamabad, says that more than 20000 persons have gone missing; five persons I personally know are missing. Since the kill and dump policy began more than 3000 Baloch activists have been abducted, tortured, killed and dumped mostly in Balochistan but at times in Karachi. Some 25 persons who I personally knew have become victims of this policy.
Mass graves were discovered in Tutak in January 2014 and were the handiwork of the death squads let loose on Baloch but the commission set up to investigate couldn’t even find a person to blame. But that wasn’t surprising; for all the rhetoric that flowed freely in the SC not a single person was charged or punished for the crime of enforced disappearances. All state institutions here are equally complicit in crimes against humanity that are committed in name of security in Balochistan.
Despite the relentless ‘dirty war’ the Baloch people have continued to resist as they see no hope either in Quetta or Islamabad. The majority of Baloch had no expectations from parliamentary politics and had therefore effectively boycotted elections as proved by the fact that Dr. Malik as a winner for PB 48 Kech secured only 4539 votes while the total number of voters there is 74,374 and in spite of all the bogus voting only 14 per cent people cast vote. For PB 41 Awaran Abdul Qudoos Bezinjo secured only 544 votes, he is the Deputy Speaker, from the total votes 57666; a mere 1.18 per cent people voted. The Election Commission and NADRA had said in September 2013 that 65 percent of the votes cast in Balochistan were bogus. Though Dr. Malik has been projected as middle class nationalist leader he is neither; it needs a lot more than rhetoric alone to be either.
Hafiz Shirazi says,
‘Hazaar Nukta Bareek Tar Za Moo Eenja Ast
Na Har Kay Sar Ba Tarashad Qalandari Danad.
Translation
Sainthood comes at a cost and sacrifice.
A shaved head doesn’t a saint make.
The Baloch resentment is not only against economic plunder they resent the various political and military means used to disempower them politically and economically; they resent the crude attempts by Pakistan to change the historical secular social ethos with help of Madressahs and fundamentalist organizations under guise of charity outfits as have been used in Awaran after the September 2013 devastating earthquake.
The future of Balochistan is viewed very differently by Pakistan and Pakistanis on one hand and by the Baloch on the other. Pakistan sees it as the land where its burgeoning population can be accommodated; it is seen in terms of ports and harbours it has, they see it as the testing ground for A-bombs and assorted missile tests, they also see it as the energy corridor for their friend China because that corridor will surely spike the real estate prices which the elite will benefit from as they attempted to do in Gwadar. Balochistan is seen as a vast stretch of land with plenty of resources as ‘terra nullius’ a land belonging to no one waiting to be exploited for benefits of others instead of Baloch.
The Baloch see Balochistan as their motherland which they gave an identity to and which in turn did the same. They see it as the repository of their culture, history and way of life; they know that without land they lose all meaning and above all they resent the illegal annexation on 27th March 1948. The Baloch have crossed the Rubicon and will travel on the path they have treaded so long and given so many sacrifices for. The Baloch seek an independent, sovereign Balochistan.

Saturday, March 11, 2017

CHAIRMAN POE INTRODUCES PAKISTAN STATE SPONSOR OF TERRORISM ACT OF 2017


March 92017


WASHINGTON, D.C.—Today, Congressman Ted Poe (TX-02), Chairman of the House Subcommittee on Terrorism introduced H.R. 1449, the Pakistan State Sponsor of Terrorism Act of 2017. The bill requires the President to issue a report within 90 days detailing whether Pakistan has provided support for international terrorism. Thirty days after that, the Secretary of State is required to a submit a follow-up report containing either a determination that Pakistan is a state sponsor of terrorism or a detailed justification as to why it does not meet the legal criteria for such a designation.

“Not only is Pakistan an untrustworthy ally, Islamabad has also aided and abetted enemies of the United States for years.  From harboring Osama bin Laden to its cozy relationship with the Haqqani network, there is more than enough evidence to determine whose side Pakistan is on in the War on Terror. And it’s not America’s. It is time we stop paying Pakistan for its betrayal and designate it for what it is: a State Sponsor of Terrorism.
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Saturday, February 25, 2017

Mir Suleman Daud Ahmedzai (centre) addressing ”The history of Balochistan revisited” at the House of Lords in London on February 23, 2017.

Mir Suleman Dawood Jan Ahmedzai

At extreme right is Bob Blackman, MP

His Highness the Khan of Kakat Suleman Daud speech in the house of lord 23/2/2017;
The British authorities in India did always consider Baluchistan as an independent and sovereign entity and never as part of the India . The 1854 and 1876 treaties between British government and the Khan of Kalat recognised Baluchistan as a sovereign country outside India. In the partition plan of 3 June 1947, both Pakistan and the British had accepted Kalat State's independence and sovereignty. The British withdrawal plan from India was announced the Viceroy of India decided whether to entrust the responsibility of the Leased lands to Kalat  (Baluchistan) or Pakistan.

This decision was in contravention of all international laws, as the area called British Baluchistan was leased out to British India by a treaty agreed upon by the sovereign Khan of Baluchistan and Britain. After British withdrawal, the area's should have been handed over to Kalat Baluchistan.

On the objection of Khan of Kalat, the British agreed that the question of the sovereignty over the leased areas would be discussed between the representatives of Pakistan and Kalat. But with the obvious assistance of British Assistant to Governor General in Baluchistan, a controversial and much manipulated referendum was held in Quetta . It was announced that the British Baluchistan has opted to join Pakistan.

On 4th August 1947, a three parties agreement was signed between Pakistan, the British and Kalat Baluchistan called, The Standstill Agreement, in which the sovereign status of Kalat Baluchistan was accepted. The article I of this agreement stated that: the Government of Pakistan recognises the status of Kalat as an independent sovereign state which has Treaty relations with the British Government, and whose position is different from that of other Indian states."

The Khan declared Kalat Baluchistan independent on 11th August 1947, three days before the independence of Pakistan. The Khan affirmed his intention to build Baluchistan as a prosperous sovereign country in which Baluch could retain their identity and live in accordance with their traditions. It will establish relations through treaties of friendship with neighbouring states of Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan as well as with India and the outside world. Soon after the independence elections were held to Baluchistan two legislature chambers and a period of tranquillity and peace ensured in the country.
In the meantime Pakistan began to pressurise the newly independent Kalat State to join Pakistan and an uneasy calm appeared in relations between Kalat and Pakistan. Talks between Pakistan and Kalat dragged on for fairly a long time. Pakistan continued to harass the Khan and Baluch State machinery on various pretexts. Pakistan was engaged in conspiracies and underhand tactics to compel the Khan to join Pakistan. On 26th March 1948 Pakistan army was ordered to move into Baluchistan coastal region of Pasni, Jiwani, and Turbat. This was the first act of aggression prior to the march on Capital Kalat by Pakistani military detachment on 1st April 1948.


1-      "The question of constitution positions on confederacy unit, tribal land, leased area and question of sovereignty of the Kharan and Lasbela.

The constitution position of Kharan and Lasbela had been regarded by the British as part of Kalat Baluchistan as two confederate units. Of which the Khan of Kalat was the sovereign.
The Sovereignty of leased land, (Nushki,Chagai (1899) agreement of Quetta and Nasserabad), remained with the Khan of Kalat.

1-      1947 independent and 1948 occupation of Baluchistan.

At first Jinnah tried to persuade the Khan of Kalat as the head of Baluch confederacies to join Pakistan. The Khan of Kalat put Jinnah proposal to the lower house and upper house in which both Baluch houses of Parliament rejected Jinnah's appeal instead the Parliaments proposed cooperation between the two states.
M.A. Jinnah was Kalat Baluchistan's lawyer, as the lawyer {Legal Adviser} he learnt a lot about the Baluch internal matters and Baluchistan politics. M.A. Jinnah wasted no time to use it against the Baluch.

After Pakistan's independence Jinnah was appointed Governor General of Pakistan.  
The British and new born Pakistan could not deny Baluchistan its independence.  After the independence Jinnah was encouraged by the British Ambassador at Karachi had change of heart about the independence of Baluchistan. Jinnah had managed to isolate the Khan of Kalat. The Pakistani forces had blockaded the Capital of Baluchistan Kalat and moved forces in Makran.
Makran was a district of Kalat.  Jinnah declared Makran as a princely state in order to sign agreement.



2-     Did the Jinnah have the mandate to declare Kharan, Lasbella and Mukran as princely states?

The Baluch confederacy was formed in the 12th century.  Kharan and lasbela were part of the Baluch confederacy which first formed in 12th century and survived in part till 1948. Constitutional position of Kharan (R/1/34/59) (Kalat state council R/134/52) the Khan of Kalat was the head of the Baluch confederacy.

Jinnah declared Makran a district of Kalat as princely State. Jinnah had no mandate to declare Kharan and Lasbela as princely States which were part of Baluch confederacy.

Nawab of Kharan and Jam of Lasbela during British India rule had requested the Crown representative to declare their states as princely states but the crown representative rejected their claims. The crown representative wrote to them that the Khan of Kalat as the head of Baluch confederacy is the sovereign.


A)     M.A. Jinnah had no legal mandate to clear the Kharan, Lasbela and Makran as princely states. Baluchistan was sovereign country and the Khan of Kalat as the head of the Baluch confederacy was the sovereign.

B)     The Nawab of Kharan and Jam of Lasbela also had no mandate to sign treaty with foreign power. To declare Makran as princely state was insult to the Baluch and international Standard.

4-Conclusion"

Ladies and gentlemen Baluchistan is occupied land. The Baluch are the victim of the geopolitics. Pakistan was allowed to occupy Kalat Baluchistan and has created a false narrative. The Baluch have acquired identity and ethno consciousness before the formulation of the nationalism doctrine. They have been a self-defining ethno culture through history even if they did not have the required sense of social and political solidarity to assert themselves as a nation as it is understood in today’s world.

The Baluch as proud Nation reject foreign domination and strive for an independent United Baluchistan. My appeal to the international community and specially the British Crown and Government. Is that to help us to gain our dignity and independence from the cradle of terrorist the Punjabi military state

Sunday, February 19, 2017

Saturday, January 28, 2017

The Baluch are the victim of The Arab and Persian, Shiite and Sunni rivalry in the Middle East.




Iranian have successfully introduced Baluchistan and the Baluch to the world communities as well as to Iranian as the land of drug and drug traffickers, they have institutionalised the hate against the Baluch. The Iranian regime has been portraying the Baluch as Wahabbi and Sunni Jihadi group in order to justify the Baluch killing in the Name of the Sunni fundamentalist inside Iran. Baluch are Sunni but they are not sectarian.

Iran is a multi-ethnic and multi religion state. The policy of the state has been one language, one religion and single nation with a single identity which is self-contradictory. The Iranian elite are insecure about their state ethnic diversity and multi religions character and they are feeling threatened.


The Baluch are separate ethnic from the rest of Iranian many ethnic groups and the Baluch follow the Sunni sect of Islam. Iran is a Shiite majority State. There are a strong sense of Nationalism and quest for national liberation from Iran within the Baluch. The expression of rights to self-determination viewed by dominant groups as the threat to the state, therefore self-determination is not tolerated by the Persian and Shiite who have dominated the State.

Broadly speaking the state has sought to standardise and assimilate the Baluch into single Persianised nation but failed.

The government view the Baluch as disloyal to the State, the Shiite view the Baluch as imposter and the Baluch view the State as the threat to the Baluch economy and existents.

 The Shiite and Sunni hatred is well documented and it is the biggest source that has destabilised the Middle East and the Baluch are the victim of never ending sectarian war.
The Most people who are at the risk of execution in the Iranian occupied Baluchistan are those who are trying to defend the basic rights to justice within the limits of the Iranian judiciary system.
 These basic defenders of the Baluch rights within Iran constitutional limits are accused of an arm struggle against the regime and are labelled as a collaborators of the Arab Sunni States, America and Israel.

Iranian have successfully introduced Baluchistan and the Baluch to the world communities as well as to Iranian as the land of drug and drug traffickers, they have institutionalised the hate against the Baluch.

 The Iranian regime has been portraying the Baluch as Wahabbi and Sunni Jihadi group in order to justify the Baluch killing in the Name of the Sunni fundamentalist inside Iran. Baluch are Sunni but they are not sectarian.

The United Nations has paid for the wall that the Iranian regime built on Iran and Afghanistan border, I am sure the United Nations could also put pressure on Iran to provide equal justice to all citizens. But unfortunately the Baluch has no voice in that privilege club, only dominant ethnic groups who control the states have voice in the United Nations.
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The Shiite Sunni war is one of the longest conflict in the human history. The Baluch is the victim of The Arab and Persian, Shiite and Sunni rivalry in the Middle East.
Ladies and gentlemen there are drug coming from Afghanistan through Baluchistan into Iran, Europe and Arabian Sea but the Baluch have no control over their land. The Baluch have no means to stop the human and drug trafficking. The Iranian revolutionary guard (Al-Quads) control the Baluchistan and the drug as well as routes of the drug.


The Baluch issue with Iran is the national right to self-determination. Baluch are Sunni but they are not sectarian. Iranian regime has control over Shiite and Sunni fundamentalist inside Iran and outside Iran. Iran has benefited from the Shiite and Sunni conflicts in the Middle East as well as not ending conflict in Afghanistan. Iran has armed and financed the Sunni Taliban in Afghanistan. The Shiite Sunni conflicts have united the Arab Shiite and non-Arab Shiite with the only Shiite state that is Iran.
Mehrab. D. Sarjov is a Baluch political activist based in London campaign for an independent Baluchistan.


Between 314 and 544 persons have been executed in Iran in 2013 alone
 October 30, 2013
16 Baloch political prisoners were executed in Iran in an act of revenge for an attack on the border security forces. The executed Balochis were already in Zahedan prison and took no part in the attack. It was alleged that the Baloch prisoners crossed the border from Pakistan and they were executed after an encounter between Mersad, an Iranian paramilitary group and another armed group. In this encounter, according to government news agencies, 17 border security personnel were killed. Public prosecutor Mohammad Marziyeh announced that “Sixteen rebels linked to groups hostile to the regime were hanged in the prison of Zahedan in response to the death of border guards in Saravan, Iran.”
Many Balochi persons have been arrested in Iran on charges of crossing the border illegally, smuggling drugs and creating a law and order situation. However, they are hanged on the charges of insurgency after attacks on border security personnel and clashes with the security forces.



Wednesday, January 4, 2017

The Baluch in Iran are one group that is out voted, out of power, permanently















By M. Sarjov


The Baluch struggle is for an independent modern state, where the gender equality, religious freedom, rule of law, property right and individual right are guaranteed by the State.

For hundreds of years the world has been divided into patch work of states with the clear boundaries. 
Every piece of land belong to one or more groups of people and each human being supposedly belong to one of these entities, which are self-contained within a hard shell of language, culture, religion and tradition.  

European states were created as early as 1648 yet the sense of nation hood did not arise at the same time. Small European principalities united together to create centralised states with demarked borders instead of the previous peril frontiers. The new sovereign nation-states maintained armies and governments.

Nation builders created national culture by creating a single unified language for each nation from one of the local vernacular, standardised its spelling and grammar and taught it in schools throughout the new state.

But in (Persia) Iran’s case nation building started very late. The European created the modern state for Iranian (the Great game) Persian were not self-motivated to create a modern state.  They were as they are today much more interested to conquer their neighbours and to revitalise their mythical Persian empire, then wait for the Hidden Imam to reappears and announce the end of the world.

 The Nation builders in Iran tried and failed to assimilate the resilient Baluch and Kurd, The Iranian Shiite Turk have been the backbones of the Modern Iran, better educated than their Persian counterparts, have maintained their language as well as their vibrant Turkic culture and the Shiite Arab with fluency in Arabic, (Arabic is the language of religion), resisted and survived the Persian assimilation attempts, one state one culture, one language theory has failed in Iran. The Persian did what they could do, bullying the Baluch, Turk, Arab, Kurd, and levelled their culture, language as backward.

Centres of civilizations have always been Multicultural regions where people from diverse backgrounds meet and stimulate each other through dialogue. When two or more communities within a state see themselves as permanently divided and have different interests, then differences between them cannot easily resolves and good relations maintained through regular democratic means, since even in democratic government majority dominated group out voted minority group permanently out of power. The Baluch in Iran are one group that is out voted permanently.

The Persian chauvinism is not able or unwilling to understand the Baluch and others nationalities sentiments. By ignoring long standing issue of the Baluch right to self-determination such demand will not disappear but actually will accumulate. The policy makers who seek to hold Iran together failed and will fail to decentralise power from Tehran and transfer it to the provinces. Iran’s state structure is cemented by Shiite sect of Islam, the ethnic politics in Iran will undo the Shiite control over the non-Persian Shiite.

The causes of ethnic conflicts have always been the authoritarian rules; collapse of such rules make ethnic conflicts possible. The lid on ancient rivalries will take off, long suppressed grievances will be settled. Iran is the next outdated authoritarian Shiite caliph on its way out. The Iranian ethnic conflicts are not confined to one regime. The ethnics rivalries and conflicts are historical fact only temporarily supressed and managed. 

The Iranian opposition parties from liberal, left to central, those who believe in liberty, individual autonomy and rights to self-determination can minimise upcoming ethnic violence in Iran. The best course of action is to recognise and address ethnic problems early before violence and bloodshed erupt. The Persian have numbers of alternative to prevent ethnic conflicts. 

National right to self-determination

The national right to self-determination has been at the root of modern politic debates the academic definition of national self-determination are few and far between.

The Right to self-determination concept is associated with democracy, the principle that citizens must be governed only with their own consent. The Baluch in Iran are not governed by their consent and will not be able to do so as long as the Baluch remains as a part of Iran. The Baluch are the victims of the Persian subjugation. They have been protesting against prolonged suffering and violation of their basic rights to lives a dignified lives.

The Persian chauvinism and Shiite Apartheid have refused to share the state power and privileges, exploited the state resources while they economically deprived the Baluch from means to maintain good life in Iran. The Baluch as the Iranian citizens gaze at the State for security and economic prosperity. There is security and economic prosperity in Baluchistan but for non Baluch settler’s foreign investors. The Baluch have no security and the Iranian security agencies are engaged in promoting inner tribal fights within Baluchistan.

Liberation

The Baluch must win their independent in order to preserve their language, culture, tradition, economy and commitment to modernisation. A more democratic world cannot be created by transferring power to an imaginary world parliament or the United Nations, but only by giving people influence over the decision that effect their lives. The Baluch campaigner for independent Baluchistan should propose that the Independent Baluchistan is achievable by splitting Iran and giving The Baluch, Arab, Kurd, Turk, Persian control of their lands on basis of historical and cultural boundaries.
The principle of self-determination is supported as means of guaranteeing people right to control over the law by which their lives are regulated. The Baluch as the people have no representative in the Iranian government to represent their common interests. The Baluch national Right to self-determination is justifiable in Iran where there is an elected government but the Baluch are facing the Human Right violation, systematic economic deprivation and forceful removal from their ancestral home. 

In Iran people are free to vote but they are not free to stand to be elected or elect a candidate of their own to represent them in advisory council. The Guardian council select the candidate and then people are free to vote for a candidate selected for the people by the Guardian council. The Baluch in the western Baluchistan are aware of the fact that their vote do not change anything.


Conclusion

As consequence of denial of national right to self-determination there are many wars of liberation against apartheid regimes and states in the world. The authoritarian regime and artificial states with one or more nationalities are involved in internal or external wars.
 It is wrong to blame Nationalists for the violence which they bring since they have to react as victims of injustice. The world opinion favour the Right to self-determination as a solution. Today the Baluch are refusing to assimilate in to Persian- Shiite and demanding the Right to National self-determination. The Baluch struggle is for an independent modern state, where the gender equality, religious freedom, rule of law, property right and individual right are guaranteed by the State.

Appendix;

Nationalism is not a complete ideology in the same sense as communism, Islam, Christianity; it does not suggest as an action plan of universal scope. Nationalism only seek to justify their own group. Nationalism employs ideal of self-determination. Nationalism may be popular within the right, left, central, liberal and religious groups. Those who oppose the self-determination are really undemocratic and allies of Chauvinism.

Mehrab. D. Sarjov is a Baluch political activist based in London and campaign for an independent Baluchistan.